Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Iridescence Of Art Art - 902 Words

The Iridescence of Art Although it seems obvious, an interesting fact about art that is frequently glanced over is that art is meant to be shared. An artist such as Damian Hirst didn’t put his great his artwork of the shark with its mouth open and suspended in a tank of formaldehyde in a dark room to let it collect dust. Rather he shares his piece and hopes â€Å"anyone will buy it.† Hirst’s eagerness to display his work stems from wanting to display the bond he had with his art. However, if a viewer were to have a different bond from examining the art, creating the art might seam fruitless because the artist will go through the trouble to share their connection when the viewer would see something different. It would be as if a child excitedly runs towards their parent to present their drawing of a cat and the parent says â€Å"Oh look at this great tree.† Hirst describes his art when he says, â€Å"A shark is frightening, bigger than you are, in an environment unknown to you. † His description of his own work demonstrates his experience he as the artist felt when he made the piece. He points out the danger of the shark and its power over humans with it being in its confortable domain. Hirst continues to describe his experience with his work as the shark looking â€Å"alive when it’s dead.† â€Å"You expect the shark to look back at you† Hirst says expecting life from the dead animal. Hirst’s bond towards the artwork he created is described as an encounter according to John Berger’s essay â€Å"StepsShow MoreRelatedThe Mosque Lamp1053 Words   |  5 Pagesthroughout the work. Besides the use of gold as a major color choice, the artist used iridescence which encompasses all colors. This use of iridescence creates a texture on the piece, which allows the viewer to see multiple colors at differe nt angles. Another item on the lamp that creates texture is the sacred inscription that is in blue, circling the entire piece. This inscription is also the subject of the art itself. Within the inscription on this Mosque Lamp, it states, â€Å"†¦ the lamp was endowedRead MoreSocial Criticism in Blakes Chimney Sweeper and Haydens Monets Waterlilies1274 Words   |  6 Pagesof Monets more famous pieces of art. The relief experienced by the poet is established in the first lines, which read,    Today as the news from Selma and Saigon poisons the air like fallout, I come again to see    the serene great picture that I love.    As in much of his poetry, Haydens work captures the connection between a tragic and irredeemable world and the possibilities for transcendence that exist in sensory delight, art, and religion (African 177). Read MoreElements And Skills Used For The Creation Of The Props2057 Words   |  9 Pagesstatus. J.K Rowling used Celtic calendars to decide upon the wood in which Harry, Hermione and Ron’s wands would be made from, based on their birthdates. â€Å"On the handle of Horace Slughorn’s wand are two little antennae, like a slug or snail† says art director Hattie Storey, which often occasioned a search for special materials. Once the final design was finalised, the construction of the wands began: â€Å"We looked for interesting pieces of pieces woods, with burs or interesting shapes. Then, we’dRead MoreBureaucracy And Activism : How Public Art Essay2090 Words   |  9 Pages II - Subversion of bureaucracy and activism: how public art is key to the education of criticism. Art did not start off by being ‘anything the art world says is art is art’.1 During the 18th century the maxim that art ‘was not to serve any master but itself’2 corroborates ‘the notion of artistic freedom. This was (†¦) an integral value to an artistic practice; it was contrasted (†¦) with the unfreedom of institutions, the state or the bourgeoisie’3. With neo-liberal practices being implementedRead MoreAnalysis Of Michael Walzer s On What Does It Mean For An American?2244 Words   |  9 Pagesused as a cultural or spiritual indicator at the end they are all Americans. That is like what Mr. Walzer says Americans are American by the â€Å"virtue of coming together† (Walzer). The United States is a mosaic art piece; there are many smaller pieces that once placed together forms a new bigger art piece. It is from the individual characteristics that show our greatness as a nation. Odds are likely that we have a citizen who originates from every country in the world. Like Mr. Walzer says the American

Monday, May 18, 2020

Similarties and Differences of Islam and Christianity Essay

Many religions have impacted the thoughts and beliefs of millions around the world. Two of these religions are Islam and Christianity, both of which are similar, yet, incredibly different. Christianity, which had come long before Islam, is known to be the root of Islam which makes sense since the two religions share much in common. They are both Abrahamic and monotheistic religions which means they share the belief in only one true existing God and are rooted to have many similarities. Their differences, however, are what make them two distinctive religions, which is why they are recognized and classified for being so. Similarities and differences arise in many topics and situations, but differences take over and divide them into†¦show more content†¦That is because the church and the Ummah are both communities with the goal of bringing others to their faith and their believers together. The position of Jesus in Christianity, however, is different from that of the one he hol ds in Islam. An example is that of prophecy. As much as both religions believe in the messengers of God, some are given more importance than others. In Christianity, Jesus is believed to be the son of God, and therefore given more importance than Moses, but in Islam, Jesus is simply another prophet. An important prophet, yes, but not one that was loved more by Allah than Muhammad. In Christianity, it is also believed that Jesus is the light or the way which leads people to the right path. In Islam, it is the Quran which does so. Christianity also believes that Jesus was the one to transfer the direct word of God. In this case, the position which Jesus holds in Christianity is the same as the position which the Quran holds in Islam. The Quran is believed to be the direct word of God. It was brought down to Muhammad, the most important prophet of Islam, from the heavens through the messenger of the angel, Gabriel (Esposito). The Quran also teaches Muslims the way of the Islamic lifest yle as did Jesus with his lessons on bringing faith to God’s words. In order to reach the final destination of heaven in the

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Interpersonal Behaviour Therapy for Generalized Anxiety...

Interpersonal therapy in the treatment of Generalized Anxiety Disorder The World Health Organization (2007) reported 14% of all people aged 16 to 85 years experienced a form of anxiety disorder. In Australia alone, 2.3 million Australian was diagnosed with 12-month anxiety disorder and the annual cost of anxiety disorders and other mental illness was estimated at 20 billion dollars (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2008). Given its prevalence, development for an effective psychotherapy treatment for anxiety disorder is imperative. Interpersonal distress is a possible causal and maintaining factor for anxiety disorder (Borkovec, Newman, Pincus, Lytle, 2002), and as interpersonal psychotherapy therapy allows treatment the treatment for†¦show more content†¦In their clinical trial of IPT for treating major depression, Feske, Frank, Kupfer, Shear, and Weaver (1998) states that major depression is often accompanied by anxiety, and thus influences the way in which the disorder and response to treatment develops. However, there is a considerable lack of evidence in the treatment of anxiety disorder, particularly for GAD, with IPT (Weissman et al, 2000). Yet, a respectable rationale in treating anxiety disorders with IPT is the focus on interpersonal aspects of patients, which might be the causal and maintaining factors of said disorder. Social phobia, for example, is a form of anxiety caused by contact with unfamiliar people. Thus, IPT serves as a natural treatment method (Weissman et al, 2000). Lipsitz, Markowitz, Cherry, and Fyer (1999) conducted an open trial of interpersonal psychotherapy for the treatment of social phobia. Here, Lipsitz et al attempted the first clinical trial of IPT for treating anxiety. The study enlisted nine participants with an age range of 25-49 (Mean = 38, SD = 8) from a list of patients seeking treatment for social phobia in New York State Psychiatric Institute Anxiety Disorders Clinic. Participants only included those who were not already under a different treatment plan or co-morbid with other di sorder. Fourteen weeks of sessions in IPT for social phobia were conducted by an experienced interpersonal psychotherapy for depression while an experienced psychotherapyShow MoreRelatedEssay about Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD)1072 Words   |  5 PagesIntroduction Social Anxiety Disorder or social phobia, is the third largest mental health care problem in the world. (Stein, 2010) National statistical surveys carried out in 2002 in the United Kingdom suggest that the prevalence rates for social phobias among young people in the UK were around 4%. (National Statistics, 2002) ‘Social phobia is characterised by intense and persistent fear of social situations in which scrutiny and embarrassment could occur’. (Orsillo Hammond 2001, p.159)Read MoreCompare and Contrast the Main Principles in Any Two of the Followingpsychological Therapies: Psychoanalysis, Behavior Therapy, Cognitive Therapy or Humanistic Therapy1584 Words   |  7 PagesPsychology Assignment 1 â€Å"Compare and contrast the main principles in any two of the followingPsychological therapies: psychoanalysis, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy or humanistic therapy.† Over the detritus of centuries, mental illnesses (such as anxiety, depression and personality disorder) have been a major contentious topic, especially in the medieval times in which religion centered, cultural and traditional influenced people deemed these exhibiting symptoms of psychopathology asRead MoreA Critical Evaluation Of Three Different Methods For Treating1418 Words   |  6 PagesA Critical Evaluation of Three Different Methods for Treating Generalised Anxiety Disorder Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is a very common anxiety disorder; symptoms include nervousness, worrying and tension. The anxiety is not linked to one thing and patients can be overwhelmed by a general feeling of dread. A patient with GAD will worry about the same things as any unaffected person, for example, their health, personal relationships or work. What sets them apart is that the degree of worryRead MoreCbt as the Most Effective Form of Treatment for Gad2883 Words   |  12 Pagescognitive behavioral therapy is an empirically supported and effective treatment type for a multitude of disorders, especially a variety of anxiety disorders. Keywords: effectiveness, CBT, anxiety, GAD, treatment. Effectiveness of CBT In the Treatment of GAD Cognitive-Behavioral therapy (CBT) is an empirically supported treatment for a variety of disorder diagnoses. Although pharmacological treatments are the most widely used method of treatment in anxiety disorders in America, researchRead MoreEvidence Base for Anxiety Disorders3270 Words   |  14 Pages1. Introduction This paper provides a brief overview of evidence based psychological treatments for anxiety disorders. It addresses the following questions: †¢ How common are anxiety disorders? †¢ What psychological treatments have empirical support? †¢ What recovery rates can be achieved with these treatments? †¢ How enduring are their effects? †¢ Is there value in combining psychological treatments with medication? Psychological treatments can be delivered in a varietyRead MoreTreatment Intervention Outcomes For Veterans With Ptsd960 Words   |  4 PagesClady HHS460: Research Methods in Health Human Services LaTonya Jones October 4th 2015 Treatment Intervention Outcomes for Veterans with PTSD Description and Summary Post-traumatic stress disorder is considered as a psychiatric disorder that creates impairments in occupational, interpersonal, and social functioning. Although there are several treatment processes for veterans suffering from this condition, some intervention may fail to generate desired results. Veterans who fail to showRead MoreGeneralized Anxiety Disorder2787 Words   |  11 Pagesï » ¿Generalized Anxiety Disorder Generalized Anxiety disorder (GAD) is a disorder consisting of excessive worrying, tension and nervousness. This condition can occur over and over again and if left untreated can lead to suicidal and violent thoughts in the patient. Even though there are certain triggers to the condition, the person eventually becomes so used to worrying and taking stress that they cant control the feeling. These dreadful feelings and excessive thinking eventually overtakes them andRead MoreDiagnostic Features, Sociocultural Factors, And Treatment Interventions2537 Words   |  11 Pagesfor severe abnormal behaviour. Following a serious suicide attempt and seventh hospitalization, Diana was given a diagnosis of major depressive disorder and a borderline personality disorder (BPD). The purpose of this essay is to elucidate the diagnostic accuracy of Diana’s disorders via the analysis of diagnostic features, sociocultural factors, and treatment interventions. Diagnostic Features: The diagnosis of Major depressive disorder and Borderline personality disorder (BPD) are entirely accurateRead MoreOutcome 1 Know the Main Forms of Mental Ill Health2124 Words   |  9 Pagesclassification system: Mood Disorders Mood disorder is the term designating a group of diagnoses in the Diagnostic and statistic manual of mental disorders (DSM IV TR) classification system where a disturbance in the persons mood is hypothesized to be the main underlying feature. The classification is known as mood (affective) disorders in ICD 10. English psychiatrist Henry Maudsley proposed an overarching category of affective disorder. The term was then replaced by mood disorder, as the latter termRead MoreCase Study2241 Words   |  9 Pagesof phobias as well as varying degrees of depression and anxiety throughout most of her life. Hence, she met the criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders, fourth edition, text revision (DSM-IV-TR; American Psychiatric Association, 2000) for anxiety disorder under the type of phobia and the class of specific phobias under the categories of which have been identified are situational phobia and animal phobia. Anxiety is a mood state characterized by marked negative effect

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

A Report On The Message Essay - 1480 Words

It is twelve o clock at night, Stephanie just finished all of her homework and took a relaxing shower. Now, she was comfortably lying on her bed and ready to fall into sleep. Suddenly, she felt there was something very important and urgent that she forgot to do before she fall into sleep. Yes! She needed to reply her best friend Joanna s text message because she was doing her homework earlier. Then she picked up her phone next to her pillow and started to text. After she answered Joanna’s questions, she saw there was a little red number seven on the right corner of her email icon. She thought she might need to check her email to see if she missed any important messages. She opened her email and saw she received an email from Twitter. In the email, it said â€Å"Login to your Twitter account and see what is going on!†, then she automatically clicked the link down the bottom of the email and started to see all of her friends’ tweets. She spent about fifty minutes o n Twitter to catch up all the information she missed and opened Facebook, Snapchat, and Instagram one by one. As the time was ticking, she realized it was two o clock in the morning and she only can sleep for almost five hours. So she putted her phone away and finally she fell asleep. Next morning, she felt very irritable because she did not get enough sleep and couldn t concentrate in her Psychology class. She told herself that she must sleep early tonight, however, she repeated what she had done last night and sleptShow MoreRelatedA Message to Garcia BOOK REPORT Essay example659 Words   |  3 PagesBOOK REPORT 1. â€Å"A message to Garcia† 2. LCPL Garcia 3. Elbert Hubbard 4. Published in 1977 5. Publisher: Peter pauper press , Inc 6. 32 Pages 7. Price of the book: $7.99 8. (Last page) 9. Initiative, Courage and Commitment. 10. I believe that every marine should definitely read this book. This book tells about true commitment and courage is about there is a lot to learn from this book. I agree with all the points that the author gave in his writing and thinkRead MoreIbm Assignment848 Words   |  4 Pagesfailed messages are reprocessed, without leaving any messages unattended. Based on this information the IBM would also need the following: Two different kinds of reports will be required to verify that very few discrepancies exist between the Hub and the IBM. 1. SOA will create a report generated daily when the interface runs: a. A report will be created to identify the number of records sent to the IBM and the number of records successfully inserted into the IBM. b. An exception report will beRead MoreEssay on Northwestern Mutual826 Words   |  4 PagesFortune 500 whose annual report is effective in showing the company’s value and mission, and in promoting its image. The company has been providing and will continue delivering beneficial insurance and financial products to its customers. By repeating select words in varying contexts, using powerful and illustrative photos of the company’s customers and employees, as well as applying easy-to-navigate and accessible design, Northwestern Mutual created an effective Annual Report of 2011 that benefitsRead MoreThe Stryker Organization830 Words   |  4 Pagesstruggling with understanding the reports and how they relate to their work and divisions. Aggregately, our current reports possesses three main issues: formatting errors, language errors, and target audience errors. By allotting a tremendous amount of time to understanding our reports, we concluded that the three previously stated errors are detrimental to our communication. Reading over our current reporting system, our team has agreed that our financial reports are increasingly difficult to followRead MoreCommunication Is The Process Of Conveying Messages Essay1336 Words   |  6 Pagesprocess of conveying messages (facts, ideas, attitudes and opinions) from one person to another† (A, 2013) THEORY IN COMMUNICATION For the proper communication there should be, (C.E.SHANNON, 1948) (Chandler, 2007) Sender or the Source who sends the message. Message Encoding: The information which is conveyed by the sender. Channel: The manner which message is send. Receiver: Target of the communication. Message Decoding: Process of understanding the message. Feedback: The message sends by the receiverRead MoreInfamy: Pearl Harbor and its Aftermath1200 Words   |  5 Pagesothers, specifically Admiral Husband Kimmel and Lieutenant General Walter Short. Toland proves this in several ways. Firstly, according to Toland, many Japanese messages that were intercepted and decrypted were never sent to Pearl Harbor, showing that there was no way they could have been prepared for the attack. Vital messages were intercepted starting in the summer of 1941; one divided Pearl Harbor into five grids and even asked for locations of the warships and carriers. Still, nothing wasRead MoreStrategy Overview And Performance Annual Review Paper780 Words   |  4 PagesGood afternoon everyone, I hope the week has gone well for you all!. As you will notice when reviewing these, we have rolled out an enhanced version of our Strategy Overview Performance Monthly Report. The format of the report is one you have been accustomed to, with a similar â€Å"look feel† however with additional details, like YoY and MoM percentage of difference. I have decided to go with a more concise version of my monthly emails moving forward, which I’m certain you will appreciate. ThatRead MoreR. Ellisonaj 041Effective Written Communication 30830Assignment1161 Words   |  5 PagesMathematical model was defined as five elements. The first is information source which produces a message. The second element is the transmitter that sends a signal through a channel. The third step is the channel which is the medium that the message is sent through. The fourth element is the receiver which converts the signal back into the message. The fifth and final element is the destination, the point that the message arrives at. This chapter emphasizes the importance communication plays in the workplace;Read MoreEffects of Cell Phone1609 Words   |  7 Pagesinformation access for farmers, broader citizen engagement and link to traffic data for taxi drivers, according to a new World Bank report. The country also witnessed one of the first uses of text messaging as a medium for social change during the EDSA II revolt in 2001 that led to the ouster of then President Joseph Estrada, the study cited. According to the report â€Å"Information and Communications for Development: Maximizing Mobile,† which was released on Monday, there were 101 mobile cellular subscriptionsRead MoreWhy I Am Writing An E Mail1023 Words   |  5 PagesClarity Writing with clarity means having the ability to delivery tour message in a clear cut, straight to the point manner. For managers, staff and admin assistants and myself, writing is an important part of their job, and can’t be avoided. When I am writing an e-mail, formal memo, report, or review, I must write it so that it is clear and engaging. When I or my coworkers are pressed for time, sorting through a long-winded document trying to figure out the writer’s points is not ideal. Lack of

To What Extent Can Logic, Math or Music Be Classified as a Language Tok Free Essays

To what extent can logic, math or music be classified as a language? â€Å"Mathematics  is the language with which God has written the universe. † Declares the Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher Galileo Galilei, when we think in modern sense language is a system of linguistic signs or symbols. In other words it’s the basis of communication. We will write a custom essay sample on To What Extent Can Logic, Math or Music Be Classified as a Language? Tok or any similar topic only for you Order Now Some people communicate using sign language while others rely on gestures and facial expressions. Mathematics and music may also be used to communicate to some extent. On the other hand logic is only instrumental and it does not house any intention of communication. Mathematics is the systematic arrangement of numbers. These numbers could sometimes be used as a form of secretive code used for communication. Such codes are often used by agencies such as the NSA in exchanging valuable information. Many teenagers also use an alternative alphabet composed mostly of numbers and symbols, leetspeak (or 1337 ). Although mathematics may be used as a language itself could be able to achieve true meaning while using such means of communication? Is it possible to use this nonverbal communication to express our feelings? We must be blind to truly understand the role of face to face communication in our lives. It would be impossible for you to use irony, connotation and metaphors. For example, if in our secret mathematical code 1446+ meant go away would there be any way to be sure if you said this in a friendly manner or not. This also makes everything vague and unclear. Raw information is put in front of you, you cannot have your own ideas you must accept what is given to you with no objection Music is an essential to most humans, it is a way of coping with life, and it sometimes may even be used to change the mood of the listener. Your mood shapes the music that you listen to. You would not listen to hard rock or metal after a recent breakup instead you will listen to romantic songs. You will also notice that some songs will make you feel happy. For example whenever I listen to a Beatles song let’s say ‘Love Me Do’ a fun/happy feeling forms inside of me. I do not believe that connotation of music is limited with its lyrics. Even when you listen to the tune of Bob Marley’s ‘Don’t Worry Be Happy ‘ you will find yourself feeling happier (positive connotation) businesses use this a lot in their advertisements in order to get the potential customers attention. Although music does have a sense of connotation and is able to shift your mood it cannot be classified as a language as the only knowledge acquired if any is acquired is one way thus there is no communication. For Aristotle, logic is the instrument by means of which we come to know anything. If logic is merely instrument of knowing can we say that it is a language? Could there be language without logic, logic without language? Since we use our own logic to understand the acquired knowledge and there is no intended communication except that of which is with ourselves. Therefore even though logic pays a major role in the apprehension of knowledge it cannot be classified as a language by itself. â€Å"Mathematics is, as it were, a sensuous logic, and relates to philosophy as do the arts, music, and plastic art to poetry. † Once said the German poet, Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel. Mathematics and music are frequently used to communicate, but without knowledge it would not be possible for us to express our ideas and communicate at all. Therefore we can conclude that mathematics music and language are used integrated with logic forming communication. 0nur Basman () l/l V 2 How to cite To What Extent Can Logic, Math or Music Be Classified as a Language? Tok, Papers

Five Forces free essay sample

The Five Forces are †¢Threat of new entrants oAn essential part of remaining competitive, an organization must constantly be aware of new organizations coming into the same market. They must be prepared to offer better services/costs/etc. than the new organization. †¢Threat of substitute products or services Organizations must be aware of products or services that could be used as a substitute for what they are offering. A cleaning company has to be aware that people are capable of cleaning their own houses. KFC must be aware that people can make their food at home. This helps them to decide how to market their services/products as more necessary than the substitutes. †¢Bargaining power of customers oCustomers are able to shop for the best prices, and are always more than willing to take their business to the lowest bidder. An organization must be aware of other prices and be able to match those prices if they want to keep their customers. We will write a custom essay sample on Five Forces or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page WalMart has a price match guarantee for a reason. People are able to go to one place and spend all their money, and WalMart still makes money because they get the products for less than they are buying them from the suppliers for. †¢Bargaining power of suppliers oNot only can customers take their business elsewhere; suppliers can as well. They are looking to get the highest paid price for their product, and will sell to the person who is willing to pay or trade the highest value. In order to get the best products or services to pass on to customers, an organization must be able to successfully bargain with their suppliers †¢Intensity of competitive rivalry oIf an organization is to be successfully competitive, they must know how close their competitors are to offering better products/services/prices. If a company is brand new and just starting out, they more than likely will not be in the same circle as a well-established company. But a company that has been around for years and has a well-rounded and loyal customer base will be much more intensely competitive.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Polluters Dilemma free essay sample

What motives would the company have to install the new technology? Given the fact that there are recent evidences to support that if the company’s emission level stays the same, the fish in the lakes and rivers in the area might soon be unsafe for human consumption, it is only the right thing to consider and do install the necessary technology. This is in the interest of not only of the environment but of the ultimate benefactor of the environment which is the human beings. The motive here can be simply considered as a form of psychological altruism in which we value benevolence or kindness towards others. In the perspective of a company, it can be considered a form of being socially responsible. This can also be viewed under the principle of duties, specifically duties to others. The others refer to the environment and the human beings. Even if the factory’s emission is within the legal limits levels, given the fact that new evidence are coming and knowing that the government is always lagging behind scientific evidences, the motivating to do is to install the new technology. We will write a custom essay sample on Polluters Dilemma or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page However, it can be argued as well in the perspective of self preservation. The company fears that backed by public opinion the company maybe force to not only install the new technology but also requires monthly emission level reports which is much expensive and time consuming. What motives would the company have to delay installing the new technology? As stated the company’s environmental compliance budget is tight. The company needs to show profit for the year if it has to survive with stocks and investors confidence. The motive that can be argued or considered here would be on the basis of duty to oneself, for self propagation and interest. Psychological egoism can also be argued here. It can be discoursed that in the interest of the factory’s workforce or personnel, to remain able to provide job, tax and overall to the â€Å"in-line† benefactor (e. g. worker’s family, the government) the company has to survive and thus should be able to show profit for the year instead of consuming it towards installing a new technology. The fact that the government has not yet imposed a new regulation and the company is legally following the government requirement on its emission it can be considered as doing its responsibility and that installing the new technology is irrational and can be argued as unethical which is tantamount to self destruction. Self preservation is important for the company. Why might companies in this region prefer for the government to impose new regulations? There are a few things to think along this line; one is that the companies would want to show to their clients and investors that the reason they might not be posting profit is that because they are socially responsible, installing expensive and time consuming new technologies for the benefit of the environment. This may encourage more investors especially those which possess and highly respects social altruism. This might come up if the government had been quite up to date in its environmental regulations. The second thought however, would be that for their own benefit and posting of profit for the year, the companies would prefer the government to give the go signal since the government is always delayed in its environmental policies and regulations. Therefore, the companies would benefit from the time delay of the installation of the expensive new technologies. This is along lines of self preservation and interest.